Radio Rerun

January 7, 2005 – The Reporter (Lansdale, PA)

Christopher A. Stanley, Staff Writer

The newest thing on the air in Lansdale is not new at all. In fact‚ if you live in or around the borough and tune your radio to 1620 AM‚ you may think that you have entered a time warp.

Way up at the end of the dial‚ you can hear some of the best radio dramas and music of the pre-television era courtesy of David McCrork‚ a 59-year-old Lansdale resident with an ear for old-time radio and a head for electronics.  Thanks to a Federal Communications Commission code known as “Part 15‚” anybody is allowed to operate unlicensed‚ extremely low-power AM radio stations‚ as long as they do not cause interference with any licensed station or anybody’s ability to receive such stations. The owners of Part 15 stations are often called “microbroadcasters‚” according to McCrork‚ and include hobbyists‚ community groups‚ political activists and churches. 

Dave McCrork at the controls of WNAR-AM

Two years ago McCrork‚ a radio engineer who consults for several local stations‚ started his own Part 15 radio station from a miniature studio nestled among the tool benches and shelves in the basement of his Lansdale home. McCrork said that what made his dream a reality was new computer software he was testing for his clients that automated radio programming‚ including everything from shows to jingles to news breaks.” At that time I found the fees for high-end hardware and software ranged from four grand to $50‚000‚ so I took a chance and bought a program for myself‚” McCrork said‚ while sitting in his studio between two computer servers and a large reel-to-reel tape recording machine. “It was a base program of less-expensive low-end automation software. I learned it‚ and felt qualified to recommend it to two (commercial) stations. We implemented it and it worked.  “I still had the program on my computer‚ and thought it would be really neat to put in a low-power station with old-time radio. I bought my own license for the software two years ago.” McCrork purchased a transmitter‚ a weather-resistant unit about the size of a shoe box‚ and mounted it along with a three-meter antenna on an old flag pole in his back yard.

He started broadcasting at 1250 AM‚ but found that a higher frequency offered less interference‚ so he switched to 1620 AM. Since then‚ he has added another transmitter outside his office on Ridge Road in Salford Township‚ broadcasting the same programs to residents in the Tylersport and Telford area. Since the transmitter strength and antenna length are strictly limited by law‚ the range of each station is only about one to three miles‚ depending on the terrain‚ time of day and other factors. 

Though Part 15 stations do not need call letters‚ McCrork named his WNAR-AM‚ which he says stands for “We’re Nostalgic About Radio.”  WNAR is also the former call sign of Norristown station WNAP-AM (1110 AM)‚ which dropped the letters in 1984 when the station was sold.   Through contacts in his consulting business‚ McCrork obtained many of the old jingles and station ID tapes from WNAR‚ and now uses them for his Part 15 station (edited to remove “Norristown‚” adding “Lansdale” instead).  His station also streams live on the Internet through his own Web site‚ http://www.wnar-am.com‚ or at http://www.live365.com‚ an Internet radio service. 

 Dave with Joanne’s favorite radio, an RCA model K-81 1939 console

His choice of programming was easy; he has been collecting old radio shows since the 1970s‚ and now has them cataloged and stored on his computers as MPEG files – shows like “Fibber McGee” and “Molly‚” “The Life of Riley‚” “Amos and Andy” and “The Lone Ranger.”  Newer shows include “CBS Radio Mystery Theater” and the Jean Shepherd show from the ’70s.   All the programs are stored on a computer server‚ along with 306 public service announcements‚ station identifications and jingles. The programming is done in advance on another computer‚ using a spreadsheet-like interface.  A live news update received by satellite is automatically inserted nine times a day between the shows‚ and McCrork occasionally adds current programs‚ some of which come from listeners or theater groups.  

He currently has 26‚654 programs in his library‚ and though he plays some music‚ his station format is firmly rooted in dramas and comedies.  I’ve been a fan of radio dramas since I was a kid‚” McCrork said. “I was listening to the radio when I probably should have been in bed. Everything now has to be visual and graphic; with radio you have to use your mind.   “On radio an entire day can be easily portrayed in five minutes; to do that visually is difficult. Romance on the radio is wonderful – you don’t need all sorts of explicit stuff. You can portray that good warm feeling with proper sound effects‚ music and good dialogue.” 

McCrork’s love of radio and radio equipment began when he was growing up in Ambler in the 1950s.  “I got started when I was about 9 or 10 years old‚” he said. “I was interested in radio‚ and I asked James Natoris – he owned the radio and TV shop on Butler Avenue in Ambler – if I could watch him work. He had enough patience to give me a job at (age) 11 or 12 testing tubes in radios. I got a quarter for each tube.”  After graduating from Wissahickon High School in 1964‚

McCrork spent four years in the Army maintaining electronic equipment for the Army Security Agency. He took a correspondence course in broadcast engineering from the Cleveland Institute of Electronics‚ and received his diploma while serving in Vietnam.  

After he returned‚ he worked as a radio and TV repair technician for Sears and other shops in Lansdale. He also operated his own shop on Reliance Road in Telford from 1975 until 2000.  In 1984 he began working as a technical consultant for the Norristown radio station‚ currently WNAP (1110 AM)‚ and now maintains and installs new broadcast equipment and information technology for several local stations. He is also an employee of Davidheiser’s Inc.‚ a Salford Township company that services and calibrates high-tech electronics. 

Though McCrork admits that WNAR-AM is not a bad advertisement for his consulting business‚ he still considers it a hobby. He estimates that between equipment maintenance‚ upgrades and Internet fees‚ the station probably costs him $2‚000 a year‚ but the only local advertising heard on the station is for the veterinary practice of his only child‚ Dr. David V. McCrork‚ who has an office in the Montgomeryville PetsMart store.  

Luckily for the senior McCrork‚ his wife‚ Joanne‚ shares his love of old radio shows. She says the two of them can often be found sitting upstairs in their house listening to their own station on one of several radios‚ including some working antique models.  “It’s a nostalgic thing for me‚” Joanne McCrork said‚ “sitting around next to a radio. It was part of the family.  “It’s the theater of the mind. I loved the old quiz shows and the westerns‚ and there was an old Sinatra show when he was very‚ very young called ‘Rocky Fortune‚'” she said. “He had a very wry sense of humor‚ and when I saw his movies I appreciated him more than I would have otherwise.  “On Saturday mornings I like to cook and listen to the shows‚ including ‘The Great Gildersleeve‚'” she continued. “Sometimes he (David) will be working in the basement and I’ll have the radio on in the bedroom in the evenings‚ and I’ll read a book and listen at the same time.”  McCrork also seems happy with their retro pastime.  “I’m not the stereotypical American‚ I guess‚” he said. “Often Joanne is reading a book‚ and I’m listening to the radio. I still get a kick out of spinning the dial around and finding out what I can listen to the furthest away.”

Retro Radio, On Your Dial or Only a Click Away

RADIO DRAMAS OF PAST 80 YEARS

By Daniel McQuade – The Evening Bulletin -Philadelphia

Call it “throwback radio.”

David McCrork, a 59-year-old radio enthusiast from Lansdale, had acquired over the years a trove of old drama radio broadcasts from the 1930s all the way to the 1980s. He wanted to figure out a way to play the shows, which are in the public domain, to a large audience.

So McCrork, a broadcast engineer for several small radio stations in the Lansdale area, tested some transmitters and paid $1,500 for the one he deemed the best. In Feb. 2002, he began broadcasting under the Federal Communications Commission’s “Part 15” code, which allows any person to transmit unlicensed, low-power AM radio, provided they do not cause any interference with any other station.

“I didn’t want to fall into the category of being a private broadcaster who was totally illegal and who created a lot of interference for the neighbors,” McCrork said. “That would have been unacceptable.”

McCrork began broadcasting on 1250 AM, but he quickly changed to 1620 AM, after finding out that the higher frequency offered much less interference in the area. And if somebody licenses 1620 in the area?

“Well, I’ll just move to 1630 or 1640, then,” he said.

McCrork’s station’s call letters are WNAR-AM, which stands for “We’re Nostalgic About Radio,” and operates 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.

It reaches about a radius of one to two miles in both Lansdale and Telford, but can also be heard worldwide on the Internet at the station’s Web site, http://www.wnar-am.com.

The station plays a variety of programming, but mainly focuses on old radio dramas, like “The Shadow,” “The Life of Riley,” “Amos & Andy,” and “The Lone Ranger.” The station also plays current Christian radio drama “Unshackled” and gets news from the Information Radio Network.

McCrork doesn’t sell airtime on the station – though there are some commercials which he runs in exchange for content from places like the Info Radio Network – and really considers the whole thing just a fun hobby.

In addition to old programming, WNAR-AM also runs old advertisements from the 1940s and 1950s.

The station’s bumpers are taken from an old Norristown radio station (now WNAP-AM 1110) that used the same call letters until being sold in 1984. McCrork has edited them to say “Lansdale” instead of “Norristown,” though.

Doing announcing (and technical advising) for the station is Northeast Philadelphia resident Richard Franklin, who has been friends with McCrork since the two were in the same eighth grade class over 40 years ago.

He said he’s more of a fan of old-time music radio, but he enjoys WNAR-AM nonetheless.

“I used to like the old WFIL-AM when it was a top-40 station,” Franklin said. “Maybe I have it in the back of my mind to eventually do a similar thing with an oldies streaming station when finances and time permit. For now, I’m excited to be doing this work on WNAR.”

McCrork said some of his favorite shows on his own station are the “Information Please” quiz show, where listeners would submit the questions and answers, from the 1930s to the 1950s, and “You Bet Your Life” with Groucho Marx.

“He was so spontaneous, just picking up what people say,” McCrork said. “His little one-liners and tongue-in-cheek digs were good, clean humor.”

A more contemporary program, “CBS Radio Mystery Theater” from the 1970s and 1980s, is also one of McCrork’s favorites. He said he liked the use of sounds and voice acting on the show. But, really, he says, he likes everything he puts on the air.

“What I love about radio is we haven’t delved into the in your face, blatant situations were everything is so explicit,” he said. “The current film producers can screw up a good story with explicit sex and violence…. On radio, it’s theater of the mind.”

What Is A Part-15 Radio Station?

By Christopher A. Stanley – Staff  Writer (The Reporter-Lansdale, PA)

Part 15 refers to the section of Federal Communications Commission Code that governs unlicensed radio transmissions.

The regulations severely restrict non licensed FM (88-108 Mhz) broadcast to a range of about 200 ft, useful for such purposes as drive-in movie theater audio.

Unlicensed AM (540-1700 Khz) radio broadcasts are limited to one-thnth of a watt transmitting power as opposed to licensed stations, which range from 500-50,000 watts), and depending on the quality of transmitter, antenna, signal and other factors have a range of a few blocks to several miles.

These stations must not give any interference to existing stations and must receive all interference (they can’t complain about signals from any other station).

A “pirate” station is one that exceeds these limits and is illegal.

The law allows an operator to use multiple transmitters: low power stations in Montclair and Union County, N.J., do this to cover larger areas.

Content of the broadcasts are not restricted by the FCC regulation.  Stations may be either commercial or nonprofit.

Sources:

www.villageradio.com

www.fcc.gov/mb/audio/lowpwr.html

David C. McCrork